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The Egyptian Museum of Florence is the second most important in Italy after the museum of Turin and it is situated inside the National Archaeological Museum of Florence.

sarcofagoThe museum is the proud holder of objects collected from the 1700s. The first verified object is the Statue of Ptahmose, High Priest of Ptah in Memphis during the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1387-1350 BC, 18th dynasty), which certainly reached Florence in the first half of the eighteenth century.

The contribution of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1824-1859) was of great importance. In addition to the acquisition of the collection of Giuseppe Nizzoli and Alessandro Ricci, a physician of Siena, he was one of the financiers of the Franco-Tuscan Expedition to Egypt (1828) headed by Jean François Champollion (in the role of decipherer of hieroglyphics) and Ippolito Rossellini. They returned with such a treasure of annotations, discoveries and objects that still today their voyage is at the origin of everything we now know about this civilization.

It was with Ernesto Schiapparelli that the Egyptian Museum of Florence made a great step forward because it was endowed with many works including the High Priests of Amun (21st-22nd dynasties). Schiapparelli designed the new structure of the museum, decorating the halls with hieroglyphics and a starry ceiling in the Egyptian style, above all in honour of the visit by Umberto I of Italy and queen Margherita for the inauguration in 1883.

The works: The Statue of Isis is one of the most important. It was found in Florence in 1785 during excavation for the foundation of a building. The reason for such a find is probably attributable to a follower of the cult of the goddess in the Roman epoch.
The Goblet in blue faience from Saqqara probably represents a lotus flower as it blooms. It is unique, together with just one other of the same format in the whole world.
The Burial of Tjesraperet (690-664 BC, 25th dynasty) and the portrait of Fayum (4th century AD) are two important objects that were brought by the Franco-Tuscan expedition in the nineteenth century.
The Funerary Stela from Thebes (2065-1994 BC, 11th dynasty) bears the biography of Samonuoser who wished to tell his story to posterity so that descendants could pray for his soul.
Finally, the Hunting Chariot, brought to Florence by I. Rossellini in 1829, is the only example of a chariot of a private citizen at the time of the 18th dynasty.

The Museum is composed of eleven halls where sarcophagi, mummies, vases, stelae, amulets and other objects of private life are exhibited.
The first hall is dedicated to prehistoric material and the Old Kingdom.
The second is dedicated to the Middle Kingdom, while the third to the seventh exhibit objects of the New Kingdom.
The eighth hall is the only one that conserves the typical nineteenth century style of Schiapparelli where objects of the Late Period are exhibited, extending into the ninth hall.
The last two halls present the findings of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and the Roman and Coptic epochs.

 

Contacts: +39 05523575 and the web site

 

Published: 3/11/2016

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